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John Burroughs and Ester "Hattie" Scharf

Source: Not sure where I found this --

John BURROUGHS, b. 1782, ?Co. Wexford or Castlecomer Area, Co. Kilkenny, Leinster Province, IRELAND;
 d.19 Sep 1867, Huntley Twp. Carleton Co.Ή (now Ottawa) CANADA
 Esther "Hattie" perh. SCHARF, b. 1782,  Castlecomer Area, Co. Kilkenny, Leinster Province, IRELAND d. 1832, Huntley Twp, Carleton Co.Ή, Ontario, CANADA

James' parents were John  BURROUGHS and Esther "Hattie" perh. SCHARF. One researcher refers to them as the BURROUGHS family in the United Parish of Mothel/Mothell/Mothill and Dysart, Co. Kilkenny, Province of Leinster, IRE.  (The Topographical Dictionary of Ireland, 1837 states that the Mothel parish is in the barony of Fassadining, County of Kilkenny, the province of Leinster, 4 miles (S.by W.) from Castlecomer, on the road to Kilkenny, and on the River Dinin, containing 2427 inhabitants.) John and Esther perhaps met there, and married sometime before 1802, the first date we know for the birth of one of their children, their oldest son, George.  
The earliest reference we have to this BURROUGHS family appears in the census of Protestants carried out in 1816, living in the subdenominational unit, perhaps a quarterland, of Ballysallah, in the United parish of Mothel/Mothill and Dysart.  John and Esther are listed with children named George, Anne, Rebeccah, Sarah, Edward, Mary and Jane.  Did they forget to mention our James Bartholomew? In the manuscript Connections between the Burroughs and Scharf families, it is also recorded that in 1816, James SCHARF is living at Coolcullen and John BURROUGHS is at  Ballysallah, both in County Kilkenny, just a few miles from each other. (The person writing this history surmises that perhaps the Anne recorded here later died and another Anne was born in Upper Canada and was baptized at Christ Church, Huntley, in 1825. However, there are also records to show that our James was also baptized in 1825, in Canada, for some reason, even though we know that he was born much earlier.)  The writer also records that Esther was called  "Hattie" in Upper Canada, and that name was on her tombstone.  Thus, we will refer to her as Esther "Hattie".  

On 27 Jan 1819, James SCHARF of Coolcullen is found transferring a deed or balance of a lease to John BURROUGHS for 100£. (see copy of this document). The assumption is that John was a tenant farmer and that the family moved from Ballysallah at that time.  Further evidence of the move is found in reference in the parish census on 7 Oct 1820, when Eliza, daughter of John and Esther BURROUGHS, said to be "of Coolcullen", was baptized. There is speculation that James may be John's father-in-law, or maybe an uncle, as there are many connections between the two families, besides the transfer of the lease, such as -- John witnessed James' will, and John and Esther Hattie are buried in the SCHARF family cemetery, now located in Kanata, Ottawa, Canada. 

Thomas Lyng gives a description of these people as "newcomers from Wexford to Coolcullen".  But there is another 
assumption that the BURROUGHS family came to Coolcullen area, with the SCHARF family, from County Carlow.  Either or both could be a possibility.  Several researchers believe that "most of the Kilkenny folks" were there for only a short time. These mainly Protestants left from the south (Wexford – Wicklow) as they were outnumbered 5 to 1 by the mainly Catholic. After the rebellion of 1798 (Battle of Vinegar Hill), which involved the uprising of the oppressed Roman Catholics, the Protestants felt threatened, and probably for good reason.This immigration resulted in an English settlement in Coolcullen and adjacent townlands in the late eighteenth centurey  The Protestant population of Mothill parish, in the southeast of the Fasssadinin barony, went from four families in 1781 to thirty-eight families in 1799. Thus, we are unsure of where our John BURROUGHS was born.

After James SCHARF transferred his deed to John BURROUGHS in 1819, he and his family evidently emigrated to
Upper Canada.  It is fair to assume that James and John already had discussed the subject of emigration and that the early
departure of James SCHARF influenced the timing of the emigration and ultimate destination of the John BURROUGHS family.  They were probably also connected to, and perhaps immigrated with  the BOOTH family, from the Castlecomer
area. (In one manuscript, it states that the following families came from the combined parishes of Mothill & Dysart: BRENNAN, BURROUGHS, BOOTH, BRADLEY, EDWARDS, GRIFFITH, JAMES, ROTHWELL, SCHARF, …) One researcher reported that the son of John, George BURROUGHS Sr., arrived in Upper Canada about 1822, and his father, John, and the rest of the family arrived in 1824. However, we have a copy of "the Population of the Township of Huntley for 1822",  taken from Lanark – Perth and Richmond Military Settlements Ontario Census, which listed the John BOUROUGHS family, with 10 members. (The Robert BOOT(H) family is also enumerated there.) John was evidently a military emigrant, (as was Robert BOOTH). We have a copy of a page from the Ontario Archives Land Record Index, for Huntley Twp, which shows the issue date of 2 Apr 1828 for the NW ½, Lot 1, Con 8 to John BURROWS, and the SE 1/2, Lot 3, Con 1 to his son, George BURROWS.  They probably applied for this free grant of land, from the government, on 30 Oct 1822 (the same date that Robert BOOTH applied). 

In his book, The City Beyond, Professor Bruce Elliott coins the label "Kilkenny Colony" to describe the settlers in Western Carlton Co., Upper Canada. These colonists came from northeastern Co. Kilkenny, IRE (and the Leighlin Bridge area of Co. Carlow), and specifically from the townlands of Gorteen, Coan and Coolcullen, near the town of Castlecomer, in the barony of Fassadinin. The surnames of the families in this group pertinent to our history are BOOTH, BRADLEY,  BRENNAN, BURROUGHS, EVOY, SCHARF, and WILSON. As we know, members of these families intermarried.   

One researcher gives these interesting facts about John BURROUGHS: Military Service - English Officer over a regiment in Ireland; and Property - came to Canada with 16 pounds of gold coins. At this time, we do not know the names of John's parents, but some of his ancestors evidently came  to Ireland from England.  These BURROUGHS were probably part of the Irish Transplantation.  It happened over centuries under the English crown.  People came in mainly two ways – either by serving in an army that was made up of recruits in England, Scotland and Wales (Cromwell 1649),  or by loaning the English crown money to fund the war. We aren't sure when they came, but the name of BURROUGHS is on the list of Irish Adventurers, or planters, who moved to Ireland between 1652 – 1660, when Oliver Cromwell, following his conquest in
1652,  settled sections of Ireland with loyal Englishmen. Thus, these ancestors probably came by serving in the army.  [One researcher has recorded possible names of John's brothers James (1779 – 1873), Edward (b. abt 1787), and Thomas 
(b. abt 1790), but more research is needed to prove these family ties.]
Another posting of interest, by Rory Griffith, was Mothell Parish Families Desiring to Leave to go to Upper Canada 1817-1818. It stated that "by 1817, there was a post war recession and Irish crops were failing.  Soldiers returning from the Napoleonic wars on the European mainland were flooding the labour market.  There had been war in North America between the Americans and the Canadians (1812 – 14)."  (This was actually the War of 1812.)  "The English government offered free land to settlers, preferably with military experience, to defend Canada from the Americans."  The article gave a list of 36 emigrant families, but they were from counties Carlow & Wexford. However, in another place, it also referred to Co. Kilkenny, our ancestors' home county.  Our BURROUGHS and BOOTH families had children who married spouses with surnames from at least eight of those 36 listed families, so were obviously tied to them. They were all from the same area, and they all settled in Lanark and Carleton Co.Ή, Ontario, Canada. (Lanark Co. was once part of Carleton Co.) 

There was also the population explosion, and the subdivision and scarcity of available arable land for the sons of  the expanding families. The migration of emigrants from the Castlecomer area to the Ottawa Valley, Ontario, during this period of time came mainly from the ranks of the small tenant farmers, or miners from around Castlecomer, or part of the Portestant settlement at Coolcullen. 
Donald Francis, another researcher, tells us more about our ancestor, John BURROUGHS.  He gives John's homestead as being located about 3 mi to the NW on N ½, Lot 1, Conc 1, Huntley Twp. A grandson eventually lived on his grandfather's  homestead. " John was quite well educated, had a library, and unusually, mentioned his daughters in his will. (His lawyer was Nicholas Sparks.)  He left his library to those of his children that could read." (see copy of this will)  

Several researchers have reported Hattie's death as 1832. In Mar 1839, John then married Martha RATHWELL JAMES.  Her first husband, John JAMES, died in 1834, in a farming accident. We first find them in the 1842 Census of Carleton Co.with 3 children of school age (1 male, 5 to 14, and 2 females, 5 to 14).  These were evidently Martha's children from her first marriage. In the 1851 Canadian Census of Canada West (now Ontario), John and and Martha BURROUGHS are enumerated in Huntley Twp, living in a one-story log house, John is a farmer and their religion is given as Church of England. They are enumerated next to John's son, George, and his family.  Our James Bartholomew and his family are nearby, and John's son, Edward, and his family are enumerated in adjacent March Twp., also in Carleton Co.  

A descendant of Martha's reports that John and Martha lived long lives in an area now know as Kanata, a district of Ottawa, across the road from the farm which today is the location of Scotiabank Place, 1000 Palladium Dr. (the hockey arena, home of the Ottawa Senators and concert events). What a far cry from the wilderness in which they first settled.

Researchers have recorded John's death as 19 Sep 1867, Carleton Co.Ή, Ontario. John and Hattie's death  dates are verified by their tombstones in the SCHARF cemetery, (also Hazeldean Methodist Cemetery), on Hazeldean Rd., Kanata, Ottawa.  (see photos of tombstones).  Martha would live on after John's death, and it isn't known when, or where she was buried.

Children of John B. BURROUGHS and  Esther "Hattie" perh. SCHARF:   
They were all born in the Castlecomer area, Co. Kilkenny, Ireland  (names of daughters and spouses from John's Will):
1)  George – b. 1802/3; d. 18 Mar 1879, Carleton Co.Ή, Ontario, Canada; m abt 1827 in Carleton Co.Ή, Ontario to Ann BOOTH – b. 1806, Castlecomer Area, County Kilkenny, IRE, d. 25 Jul 1882, Carleton Co, Ontario, Canada
2)  James Bartholomew – b. 1 Aug 1806, d. 16 Mar 1888, Harwich Twp, Kent Co, Ontario; m 13 Apr 1836 to Margaret
BOOTH – b. 11 Apr 1813, Castlecomer Area, County Kilkenny, IRE
3)  Edward – b. 1811/13, d. aft 1871 census ; m. abt 1832, in Carleton Co.Ή, Ont., to Jane BALLARD/BOLLARD
4)  Rebecca – b. 1811/12; 18 Jan 1905, Carleton Co.; m. Robert MaGEE – b. 1792/3, Ireland, d. 2 Mar l879
5)  Sarah – b. by 1816 ; m. John BRADLEY
6)  Susan - b. by 1816  ; m. William BOULAN
7)  Jane – b. by 1816      ; m. Robert SHANNON
8)  Ann – b. by 1816  ; m. Murdoch GORDON
9)  Eliza/Elizabeth  – bap. 7 Oct 1820, Mothel Parish, IRE; d. 22 Oct 1888, Middlesex Co., Ont; m. James EVOY – b. 1803-
See  narrative Earlier History of Our Ancestors, from various sources, for more speculation about our BURROUGHS Ancestry & history. 

ΉCarleton Co. is a historic county.  In 1969, it was superseded by the Regional Municipality of Ottawa, and in 2001, this was amalgamated into the current city of Ottawa.

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